1. Krsto Lipovac, Kriminalističo-policijska akademija Zemun, Serbia
2. Milena Simić, Univerzitet u Beogradu - Saobraćajni fakultet, Serbia
3. Tanja Novaković, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Traffic education is one of the most important measures of long-term and sustainable improvement of traffic safety. This process primarily takes place in the family, in pre-school institutions, then in elementary and secondary schools. However, the consistency of learning outcomes, learning conditions, challenges and risks that children and parents and other participants recognize are different from case to case. The size of the place of residence is one of the important factors that can influence the process of traffic education and upbringing. In the paper, on the example of two cities that differ significantly in size and other characteristics, analysed whether and how the processes of traffic education differ and based on testing of knowledge and analysis of self-reported behaviour of children in traffic. The authors noted that children in smaller environments were previously independent than children in larger environments, that they were more likely to participate independently in traffic, etc. On the other hand, children in smaller communities rarely encounter complicated traffic situations. These and other conditions influence the process of traffic education, ie the knowledge and attitudes of children, at the observed age. Based on this comparative analysis, the authors also provided recommendations for improvement.